Intro to Philosophy with Taylor


Below are the Supplemental Instruction materials for PHI 2010 section 1, with Professor Fagiano.

Hi everyone!!! My name is Taylor, and I am your SI leader for Philosophy with Professor Fagiano. I have already taken this course and received an A, so I also have a lot of study tips that can aid you in making sure you do your absolute best. I will also be sitting in all of your lectures, so if you ever see me before or after class, don’t be afraid to come up and say hi, or ask me any questions you may have.

This course is what you make of it! I know your first semester of college can seem scary and intimidating. But, I encourage you to really put time into the class, study ahead, and keep up with the course, so that you can enjoy it. If you wait until the last minute to study and do your work, it will so much more stressful than it needs to be. SO make a commitment to love your future self, and be as organized and on top of things as possible. And, I hope that SI can be a big part of helping you figure out how to best do that! 🙂

I really look forward to the opportunity to meet you all, and I hope you have a wonderful experience for your first semester here at UCF. GO KNIGHTS!

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General UCF Resources

Campus Dining Locations and Hours

Webcourses Log In

Create Knights Mail Account

Knights Mail Log In

Knight Connect

*I would also recommend downloading the UCF app if you do not already have it. From the app you can access an interactive map, shuttle schedules, your Knights Mail, and a lot more!

Philosophy Resources

*Please keep in mind that not all resources (especially those posted from class discussion) are guaranteed to be accurate


Playlist (add songs to be played during sessions):


Valid vs Sound:

Study of Knowledge:

Video Links:

“What is a Good Life?”

Allegory of the Cave

Plato’s Theory of the Forms

Week One Materials Created in Sessions:

Week One Materials


Video Links:

Epicurus on Happiness 

Stoicism Video

Week Two Classwork:

PHI 2010 Supplemental Instruction Week Two Materials


Anselm and The Argument for God Video

Aquinas and the Cosmological Argument Video 

Aquinas and the Teleological Argument Video

The Problem of Evil Video 

Aristotle’s Primary and Secondary Substances:


“Primary substances are existing individual things, which function as the underlying subjects that other things either are in or are predicated of. Secondary substances include species and genera, and are not substances in a full sense of the term.”

*If a primary substance is Socrates, the secondary substance would be humanity


Midterm Outline Part One

*This outline does not cover everything that will be on your exam, but is most of the information from weeks one and two.

*Remember that I will not be there Monday or Tuesday BUT another SI leader will stand in my place and you are still required to go. You will most likely be working on the outline, and whoever conducts my sessions will pick one group (I have 8 total) that went above and beyond in discussion. That group is going to get a donut party after the midterm. YAY!


Link: PHI2010MidtermStudyGuidePart1.docx

Jeopardy Review Game:

Answers: Link

One of your classmates, Mercedes was kind enough to share her flashcards. Not all information is guaranteed to be correct, however, I encourage you to use this as a study resources!

Exam Information and Study Plan:

Your exam is next Thursday, July 13th, so here is a tentative study schedule if you need help organizing your time.

July 7th: Review Plato’s The Republic, Allegory of the Cave, the question of The One and the Many as well as the class slides on both Arguments and The Pre-Socratics

July 8th: Review Socrates, Aristotle’s  Individual Substance, Aristotle’s Soul and Body, Form and Matter, Aristotle’s Four Types of Explanation, and Aristotle’s Ethical Virtue, and the online reading on Epicureanism

July 9th: Review Aristotle versus Plato’s Theory of forms/Forms (slides), Epicurus versus Aristotle (Handout and slides), and Lucretius reading on How to Accept Reality and Avoid Fear

July 10th: Review Stoicism reading , Slides on Stoicism, Logos, Seneca’s reading on Life Guided by Stoic Philosophy, and Leibniz: The Problem of Evil

July 11th: Review any new material that will be on the exam and go back over topics you found difficult in the previous week

July 12th: Review any new material that will be on the exam and go back over topics you found difficult in the previous week

Exam Tips:

I know you are probably a little nervous about the midterm, but don’t be! You got this! Here are a few tips for your exam.

  • Study as far in advance as possible, and don’t try and pull an all nighter. Studies have shown that pulling an all nighter can affect your memory and critical thinking for up to 5 days after.


  • Do all of the readings assigned by Professor Fagiano. Hopefully you have kept up with the reading so this will not be too overwhelming, but if not, you should start right away. As seen on the quiz, readings are fair game and there may be things that were not directly discussed in class, but can be found from the text.
  • Eat! Your brain needs fuel, and you won’t retain any information if your body is running on little nutrients.
  • Review the in class lecture slides thoroughly.


  • Go through my outline and watch the videos posted to get a better idea of the harder concepts. This will help you see if there were in any gaps in your studying.
  • Remember you do need a pink scantron for the test. 
  • Don’t forget your UCF ID and a pencil 🙂



Post Midterm Survey

Social Contract Theory Article

Contractarianism Video (Hobbes)

Kant and Hume Article

Categorical Imperative Video

Kant and Categorical Imperative Video 2


John Stuart Mill on Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism Video

Existentialism Video

Below I have attached a Word Document of my own personal notes from the past two weeks. I took the concepts that most students in my sessions are struggling with and compiled it. Your professor has reviewed the document to make sure everything is correct, however accuracy is never guaranteed. I hope this helps in preparation for your exam, and best of luck studying 🙂 

SI notes on Kant, Hume, Mills, Bentham, and different philosophers’ responses to the trolley car problem: REVIEW

*CORRECTION: Bentham would most likely have agreed that happiness was the only end and that all other things were just means to that end, but Mills just more explicitly stated that. Bentham did not necessarily believe that there were other ends. He still prioritized happiness as the end of life!! 

  1. What is existentialism?
    1. What is the definition? What does that really mean?
    2. _____ comes before ______.
  2. According to Kierkegaard, why are subjective truths important?
    1. Faith is higher than reason
    2. Faith is the highest virtue that can be achieved and necessary for the deepest human fulfilment
    3. Subjective truths= the way people relate themselves to objective truths
    4. While objectivity can be important, truth is not just a matter of discovering objective facts.
    5. Subjectivity is more crucial because it involves how we ACT in relation to objective truths, which from an ethical standpoint, is most important.
    6. Basing one’s religious faith on objective evidence or reasoning would be misguided
  3. What should I do with my life, and who should I turn to when I have to make a decision?
    1. Recall the story of the student whose brothers passed away in the war

SI Schedule Template: Link 

Final Grade Calculator:

Final Exam Review: PHI 2010 Final Exam Review

A List of Readings Assigned Since the Midterm: Readings

  1. What are the key differences between the pre-modern, modern, and post-modern eras? Please include dates!

Pre Modern

–          900-1350

–          Reference on biblical texts

o   Truth

o   Morality


–          1350-1850

–          Shift from mythos to logos

–          Truth reason

–          Darwin

Post Modern

–          1850 to present

–          No Finality: Because there are so many different philosophies, there is no definite way to reason something

–          Truth in Plurality: many different philosophies

o   Different perspectives

–          Metanarrative: grand story

o   Ex: Jesus died on the cross

o   Creationism

o   Big Bang Theory*

–          Science, Morality, and Incommensurable

o   Incommensurable: can’t measure

o   How many gallons in a mile?

  1. What are the three “waves” of feminism?

First Wave

–          Women fight for equal contract and property rights

–          Slide #10 on Feminism: Right to vote, women’s suffrage

Second Wave

–          Broadening the fight for various rights

–          Workplace, Family and reproductive rights, Sexuality

Third Wave

–          Micropolitics

–          Against hetero-normality

Video on Language Games

Final Exam Kahoot: 

PHI 2010 Final Exam Review Part 2